The following table lists the estimated ranges of various weapons used by the Romans during the Late Roman Republic of G. Julius Caesar's time:

Weapon Estimated Range

Pilum (a javelin)

25 meters (27.3 yards)+

Funda (sling)

27.4 meters (30 yards)+

Fustibali (sling staffs)

182.9 meters (200 yards)+


301.8 meters (330 yards)+

Arcus (a composite bow)

329.2 meters(360 yards)+


411.5 meters (450 yards)+

Other Facts

  • The range of the arcus (360 yards) exceeded that of the English longbow (230-250 yards) of later times.